Tuesday, 26 February 2008

The Normans in Normandy: Bibliography --Primary Sources

A.  Narrative sources

A very thorough collection of English translations of sources dealing with the Normans before, during, and after their settlement in Normandy: The Normans in Europe edited by Elisabeth M. C. van Houts, Manchester Medieval Sources, Manchester University Press, 2000.

There are two Frankish historians who touch on early Norman issues: Flodoard of Reims. Les Annales de Flodoard, edited by Philippe Lauer, Collection des textes pour servir à l’étude et à l’enseignement de l’histoire 39. Paris: Picard, 1905. Flodoard of Reims Historia Remensis ecclesiae, edited by Martina Stratmann, MGH Scriptores 36, Hannover: Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 1998. He is discussed at great length in Michel Sot, Un historien et son Église au Xe siècle: Flodoard de Reims, Paris: Fayard, 1993. Richer of Reims Histoire de France, 888-995, two volumes edited and translated by Robert Latouche, Les classiques de l’histoire de France au Moyen Age 12, 17. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1930-1936. There is a new edition of Richer of Reims Historiae, edited by Hartmut Hoffmann, MGH Scriptores 38. Hannover: Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 2000. Richer’s career is discussed in Jason Glenn, Political History: The Work of Richer of Saint-Remigius, Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1997.

The primary source for Norman historiography is Dudo of Saint-Quentin. De moribus et actis primorum Normanniæ ducum, edited by Jules Lair, MSAN 23. Caen: F. Le Blan-Hardel, 1865. It is available in English as Dudo of Saint-Quentin. History of the Normans, translated by Eric Christiansen. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1998.

Most historians writing in the eleventh and twelfth centuries used Dudo as the basis of their work for the earlier Norman rulers. William of Jumièges, Orderic Vitalis, and Robert of Torigni, The Gesta Normannorum Ducum, two volumes, edited and translated by Elisabeth M. C. van Houts, OMT. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992-1995. Orderic Vitalis The Eccelesiastical History, six volumes, edited and translated by Marjorie Chibnall, OMT. Oxford: Clarendon, 1969-1980. Stephen of Rouen Le Dragon normand et outres poèmes d’Étienne de Rouen, edited by Henri Omont, SHNP 18. Rouen: Charles Métérie, 1884. Dudo’s French progeny: Wace. Roman de Rou et des ducs de Normandie, three volumes, edited by A. J. Holden. Paris: Picard, 1970-1973. Benoît de Saint-Maur. Chronique des ducs de Normandie, four volumes, edited by Carin Fahlin, Bibliotheca Ekmaniana Universitatis Regiae Upsaliensis 54 etc. Uppsala: Almqvist and Wikselle, 1951-1979.

Other chronicles: Amatus of Montecassino. L’Ystoire de li Normant, et la Chronique de Robert Viscart, edited by M. Champollion-Figeac. Paris: Jules Renouard, 1835. ‘Chronicon de Gestis Normannorum in Francia’, in Lamberti S. Audomari Canonici Liber Floridus: Codex authographus bibliothecae universitatis Gandavensis, edited by Albert Derolez. Ghent: J. Story-Scientia, 1968. ‘Genealogia ducum Normannorum’, in Über die Leges Edwardi Confessoris, edited by F. Liebermann, pages 134-39. Halle: Max Niemeyer, 1986. Henry of Huntingdon Historia Anglorum, edited and translated by Diana Greenway. OMT, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996. John of Marmoutier ‘Historia Gaufredi ducis Normannorum et comitis Andegavorum’, in Chroniques des comtes d’Anjou et des seigneurs d’Amboise, edited by Louis Halphen and René Poupardin, pages 172-231. Paris: Picard, 1913. John of Salisbury, Bishop of Chartres, Historia Pontificalis, edited and translated by Marjorie Chibnall, Nelson Medieval Texts. London: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1956. John of Worcester The Chronicle of John of Worcester., three volumes, edited by R. R. Darlington and P. McGurk and translated by Jennifer Bray and P. McGurk, OMT. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995-2002. Robert of Torigny Chronique de Robert de Torigni, abbé du Mont Saint Michel, edited by Léopold Delisle. Rouen: A. Le Brument, 1872-1873. This is also printed as Chronica, in Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II and Richard I, edited by Richard Howlett. Rolls Series 82.4. London: Longman, 1889. ‘The Text of the Fécamp Chronicle in MS Rouen Bib. mun 528 (A 362)’, edited by Mathieu Arnoux, Anglo-Norman Studies 22 (1999): pages 42-48.

Annals:  Annales de l’abbaye Saint-Pierre de Jumièges: Chronique universelle des origines au XIIe siècle, edited by Jean Laporte. Rouen: Lecerf, 1954. ‘Annales Fontanellenses priores’, edited by Jean Laporte. SHNM 15 (1951): pages 63-91. The Annals of St Neots with Vita prima Sancti Neoti, edited by David Dumville and Michael Lapidge, The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: A Collaborative Edition 17. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1985. Chronicon Rotomagensis, 12: pages 784-786. Recueil des Historiens des Gauls et de la France. Paris: Victor Palmé, 1877. ‘Les courtes annales de Bec’, in Notices et documents publiés pour la Société de l’histoire de France, edited by Léopold Delisle, pages 93-97. Paris: Renouard, 1884. Ex Annalibus Normannicis, edited by O. Holder-Egger, pages 488-517, MGH Scriptores 26. Hannover: Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 1883.

Major sources for William the Conqueror: ‘The Brevis Relatio de Guillelmo nobilissimo comite Normannorum, written by a Monk of Battle Abbey’, in Chronology, Conquest, and Conflict in Medieval England, edited by Elisabeth M. C. van Houts, pages 1-48. Camden Fifth Series 10, Camden Miscellany 34. London: Royal Historical Society, 1997, reprinted with translation in van Houts. History and Family Traditions in England and the Continent, 1000-1200, Aldershot: Variorum, 1999, chapter vii. The Carmen de Hastingae Proelio of Guy, Bishop of Amiens, 2nd ed., edited and translated by Frank Barlow, OMT. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999. William of Poitiers: The Gesta Guillelmi, edited and translated by R. H. C. Davis and Marjorie Chibnall, OMT. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998.

Norman church chronicles, gesta, etc.: ‘Acta archiepiscoporum Rotomagensium’, in Joannis Abrincensis primum episcopi... opera omnia, edited by J.-P Migne, cols. 273-80, Patrologia Latina 147. Paris: Garnier Fratres, 1879. ‘Carmen de monasterio Gemmeticensi’, in Appendix ad sæculum X, edited by J.-P Migne, cols. 393-98. Patrologia Latina 138, Paris: Garnier Fratres, 1880. ‘De statu hujus ecclesiae ab anno 836 ad 1093’, in Gallia Christiana 11, edited by Paul Piolin, 2nd ed., Instrumenta, cols. 217-24. Paris: Victor Palmé, 1874, also known as the ‘Historia fundationis Ecclesiae Constantiensis sive Gesta Gaufridi.’  Portions dealing with Rollo translated in van Houts, The Normans in Europe, pages 38-40. Gesta sanctorum patrum Fontanellensium coenobii (Gesta abbatum Fontanellensium), edited by F. Lohier and Jean Laporte, SHNP, unnumbered, Rouen: Lestringant, 1936. Histoire de l’Abbaye de Fécamp en vers français du XIIe siècle, edited by Arthur Långfors. Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae 22.1. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, 1928. ‘Historiae Fiscannensis fragmentum’, edited by A. Poncelet, Analecta Bollandiana 23 (1904): pages 252-54. ‘Libellum de revelatione aedificatione et auctoritate Fiscannensis monasterii.’ In B. Urbani II pontificis Romani epistolae, diplomatae, sermones, edited by J.-P Migne, cols. 699-724. Patrologia Latina 151. Paris: Garnier Fratres, 1841. It is also edited as ‘Libellum de revelatione aedificatione et auctoritate Fiscannensis monasterii’, in Histoire de l’Abbaye de Fécamp en vers français du XIIe siècle, edited by Arthur Långfors, pages 12-40. Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae 22.1. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, 1928. For emendations based on a new manuscript, see Arnoux, Mathieu. ‘La fortune du Libellus de revelatione, edificatione et auctoritate Fiscannensis monasterii: Note sur la production historiographique d’une abbaye bénédictine normande’, Revue d’histoire des textes 21 1991: pages 135-58.

B.  Hagiographical sources

Ansbert: Vita Ansberti episcopi Rotomagensis, in Passiones vitaeque sanctorum aevi Merovingici 3, edited by Wilhelm Levison, pages 613-41, MGH SM 5. Hannover: Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 1910.

Anselm: Eadmer. The Life of St Anselm Archbishop of Canterbury by Eadmer, edited and translated by Richard W. Southern, OMT. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972. Memorials of St. Anselm, edited by R. W. Southern and F. S. Schmitt. Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi 1. London: British Academy, 1969.

Catherine: Sanctae Catharinae virginis et martyris translatio et miracula Rotomagensia saec. XI, translated and edited by A. Poncelet Analecta Bollandiana 22 (1903): pages 423-38.

Condedus: Vita Condedi anachoretae Belcinnacensis, in Passiones vitaeque sanctorum aevi Merovingici 3, edited by Wilhelm Levison, pages 644-51, MGH SM 5. Hannover: Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 1910.

Herluin: Gilbert Crispin. Vita Herluini, in The Works of Gilbert Crispin, Abbot of Westminster, edited by Anna Sapir Abulafia and Gillian R. Evans, pages 183-212. Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi 8. London: British Academy, 1986.

Lantbert: Vita Lantberti abbatis Fontanellensis et episcopi Lugdunensis, in Passiones vitaeque sanctorum aevi Merovingici 3, edited by Wilhelm Levison, pages 606-12, MGH SM 5. Hannover: Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 1910.

Ouen: Vita Audoini episcopi Rotomagensis I, in Acta Sanctorum 38 (August IV), pages 805-10. Paris: Victor Palmé, 1867. It is also printed as Vita Audoini episcopi Rotomagensis I, in Passiones vitaeque sanctorum aevi Merovingici 3, edited by Wilhelm Levison, pages 536-67, MGH SM 5. Hannover: Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 1910. It is translated by Paul Fouracre and Richard A. Gerberding, in Late Merovingian France: History and Hagiography, 640-720, pages 133-65, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996.

Vita Audoini episcopi Rotomagensis II, in Acta Sanctorum 38 (August IV), pages 810-19.

Translationes Audoini episcopi Rotomagensis, in Acta Sanctorum 38 (August IV), pages 820-24.

John the Deacon, Monk of Saint-Ouen. Translatio corporis beatissimi Audoeni archiepiscopi Rothomagi, in Sancti Ivonis Cartonensis episcopi opera omnia, edited by J.-P Migne, cols. 1153-59, in Patrologia Latina 162. Paris: Garnier Fratres, 1889.

Fulbert of Jumièges. Miracula Audoini episcopi Rotomagensis I in Acta Sanctorum 38 (August IV) pages 825-837. Miracula Audoini episcopi Rotomagensis II, in Acta Sanctorum 38 (August IV), pages 837-40.

Philibert: Vita Filiberti abbatis Gemeticensis et Heriensis, in Passiones vitaeque sanctorum aevi Merovingici 3, edited by Wilhelm Levison, pages 568-604, MGH SM 5. Hannover: Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 1910.

Romain: Fulbert of Jumièges. ‘Fulbertus’ Biography of Romanus’, in Felice Lifshitz, The Norman Conquest of Pious Neustria: Historiographic Discourse and Saintly Relics, 684-1090, pages 234-67, Studies and Texts 122. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1995. ‘The Cathedral Miracles of Romanus’, in The Norman Conquest of Pious Neustria, pages 267-79. ‘The St. Ouen Miracles of Romanus’, in The Norman Conquest of Pious Neustria, pages 279-81.

Vigor: Aubourg, Gaston. ‘Saint Vigor, évêque de Bayeux (VIe siècle).’ BSAN 57 (1963-1964): pages 317-75; 58 (1965-1966): pages 127-73, Translatio sancti Vulganii, translated by Ed. A. Poncelet, Analecta Bollandiana 23 (1904): pages 268-69.

Wandrille: Miracula Sancti Wandregisili abbatis Fontanellensis, in Acta Sanctorum 32 (July V), pages 281-91. Paris: Victor Palmé, 1868. Translatio Sancti Wandregisili in montem Blandinium, in Acta Sanctorum 32 (July V), pages 291-302. Vita Sancti Wandregisili abbatis Fontanellensis I, in Acta Sanctorum 32 (July V), pages 265-71. Vita Sancti Wandregisili abbatis Fontanellensis II, in Acta Sanctorum 32 (July V), pages 272-81. Vita Wandregiseli abbatis Fontanellensis, in Passiones vitaeque sanctorum aevi Merovingici 3, edited by Wilhelm Levison, pages 1-24, MGH SM 5. Hannover: Impensis Bibliopolii Hahniani, 1910.

Wulfran: Inventio et Miracula Sancti Vulfranni, edited by Jean Laporte, SHNM 14 (1938): pages 7-8.

C.  Charters

The Rollonid charter collection: Recueil des actes des ducs de Normandie de 911 à 1066, ed. Marie Fauroux, Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires de Normandie 36 (Caen: Caron et Compagnie, 1961).

For the Anglo-Normans, the Regesta Regum is a starting place. Volume 1, William I and William II, is only a calendar. Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum 1066-1154, volume 2: Regesta Henrici Primi, 1100-1135, edited by Charles Johnson and H. A. Cronne, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956. This is also a calendar, but with a selection of previously unpublished charters as an appendix. See also: Sauvage, R. N. ‘Les diplômes de Henri Ier, roi d’Angleterre et duc de Normandie, pour l’abbaye de Saint-Pierre-sur-Dives’, Société de l’histoire de Normandie, Mélanges 12 (1933): pages 113-39. And Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum 1066-1154, volume 3: Regesta Regis Stephani ac Mathildis Imperatricis ac Gaufredi et Henrici Ducum Normannorum, 1135-1154, edited by H. A. Cronne and R. H. C. Davis. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968.

The full text of all the charters can be found in the following. For William the Conqueror, we now have the magnificant Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum: The Acta of William I, 1066-1087, edited by David Bates. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998. For Henry II, until the Holt project comes to fruition, see Recueil des actes de Henri II, three volumes, edited by Léopold Delisle and Élie Berger. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1909-1921.

Two important, pre-Revolutionary collections of Norman charters: Gallia Christiana in provincias ecclesiasticas distributa etc., complectens provinciam Rotomagensem, 2nd ed., edited by Paul Piolin, Gallia Christiana 11. Paris: Victor Palmé, 1874. Neustria Pia seu de omnibus et singulis abbatiis et prioratibus totius Normaniae etc, edited by Arthur du Monstier. Rouen: Jean Berthelin, 1663.

Cartularies of individual churches, or other charter-collections: Antiquus cartularius ecclesiae Bajocensis (Livre noir), two volumes, edited by Victor Bourrienne, Société de l’histoire de Normandie 34. Rouen: Lestringant, 1902. Cartulaire de Jersey: Recueil de documents concernant l’histoire de l’île conservés aux archives de la Manche, edited by the Société Jersiaise. Jersey: Société Jersiaise, 1918-1924. Cartulaire de la signeurie de Fontenay-le-Marmion, provenant des archives de Matignon, edited by Gustave Saige. Collection de documents historiques. Monaco: Imprimerie de Monaco, 1895. Cartulaire de l’abbaye de la Sainte-Trinité du Mont de Rouen, in Cartulaire de l’Abbaye de Saint-Bertin, edited by B. Guérard. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1841. Cartulaire de l’abbaye de Notre-Dame de la Trappe, edited by Comte de Charencey. Alençon: Renaut-de-Broise, 1889. Cartulaire de l’abbaye de Saint-Martin de Pontoise, five volumes, edited by Jean Depoin. Pontoise: Société Historique du Vexin, 1895-1909. Cartulaire de l’abbaye de la Sainte-Trinité de Tiron, edited by Lucien Merlet, Société Archeologique d’Eure-et-Loir 1. Chartres: Imprimerie Garnier, 1883. Cartulaire de l’église de la Sainte-Trinité de Beaumont-le-Roger, edited by Étienne Deville. Paris: Honoré Champion, 1912. Cartulaire de Marmoutier pour le Perche, edited by R Barret, Documents sur la province de la Perche, 3e série 2. Mortagne: Georges Meaux, 1894. Cartulaire de Saint-Michel de l’Abbayette, prieuré de l’Abbaye du Mont Saint-Michel, edited by Arthur Bertrand de Broussillon. Paris: Picard, 1895. Cartulaire de Saint-Michel du Tréport, ordre de Saint-Benoît, edited by P. Laffleur de Kermaingant. Paris: Firmin-Didot, 1880. Cartulaire des Iles Normandes: Recueil des documents concernant l’histoire de ces îles, Jersey: The Beresford Library, 1924. Cartulaires de Saint-Ymer-en-Auge et Briquebec, edited by Charles Bréard, Société de l’Histoire de Normandie 20. Paris: Picard, 1908.

Cazel, F. A., Jr. ‘Norman and Wessex Charters of the Roumare Family’, in A Medieval Miscellany for Doris Mary Stenton, edited by P. M. Barnes and C. F. Slade, pages 77-88, Publications of the Pipe Roll Society 76 (New Series 36). London: Pipe Roll Society, 1962 (for 1960).

Chartes de l’abbaye de Jumièges (v. 825 à 1204), two volumes, edited by Jules Vernier. Rouen: Lestringant, 1916. Chartes du prieuré de Longueville de l’ordre de Cluny au diocèse de Rouen antérieures à 1204, edited by Paul Le Cacheux. Paris: Picard, 1934.

Delisle, Léopold. Histoire du château et des sires de Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte. Paris: Aug. Durande, 1867.

Charters of the Redvers family and the Earldom of Devon, 1090-1217, edited by Robert Bearman, Devon and Cornwall Record Society, new series 15. Exeter: Devon and Cornwall Record Society, 1994.

Le Cacheux, Paul. ‘Le cartulaire de Guillaume le Gros, Prieur de la Bloutière’, SHNM 9 (1925): pages 105-98.

Le Livre Rouge de l’évêché de Bayeux, edited by E. Anquetil. Bayeux: J. Tueboef, 1908.

Lot, Ferdinand. Études critiques dur l’abbaye de Saint-Wandrille. Bibliothèque de l’École des hautes etudes, volume 204, Paris: Honoré Champion, 1913.

L’Abbaye de Notre-Dame de Grestain, de l’ordre de Saint-Benoît, à l’ancien diocèse de Lisieux, edited by Charles Bréard. Rouen: A. Lestringant, 1904.

Passy, Louis. ‘Notice sur le cartulaire du prieuré de Bourg-Achard’, Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes 21 (1861): pages 342-67.

Sauvage, R. N. L’abbaye de Saint-Martin de Trouarn au diocèse de Bayeux des origines au seizième siècle, MSAN 34, Caen: Henri Delesques, 1911.

Sauvage, R. N. ‘Fragment d’un cartulaire de Saint-Pierre-de-Lisieux.’ Études Lexoviennes 3 (1928): pages 327-57.

Les actes de Guillaume le Conquérant et de la Reine Mathilde pour les abbayes caennaises, Actes de Guillaume, edited by Lucien Musset, Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires de Normandie 37. Caen: Caron et Compagnie, 1967. The edition of the acta has been superseded by Bates’ Regesta William I, but the introduction remains a highly valuable discussion of the charters.

The following are editions of individual charters or small groups of charters: Bates, David. ‘Four Recently Rediscovered Norman Charters’, AN 45 (1995): pages 35-48. Baudot, M. ‘L’abbaye de la Croix-Saint-Ouen à l’époque carolingienne, d’après le témoinage d’un diplôme de Carlomann II’, Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes 141 (1983): pages 5-21. Beaurepaire, Charles de Robillard de, ‘Recueil de chartes concernant l’abbaye de Saint-Victor-en-Caux’, SHNM 5 (1898): pages 333-453. Bouvris, Jean-Michel, ‘Un bref inédit de Robert Court-Heuse, duc de Normandie, relatif à l’abbaye de Montebourg, au diocèse de Coutance’, in Questions d’histoire et de dialectologie normande, pages 125-50. Actes du congrès national des sociétés savantes, section de philologie et d’histoire jusqu’à 1610 105.2. Paris: Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, 1984. Bouvris, Jean-Michel, ‘Un act inédit de Guillaume le Conquérant pour l’abbaye de Saint-Étienne de Caen: La donation de la dîme du Manoir de Turnworth, en Dorset, par Auvray d’Epaignes.’ AN 37 (1987): pages 101-10. Le Cacheux, Paul. ‘Une charte de Jumièges concernant l’épreuve par le fer chaud (fin du XIe siècle)’, SHNM 11 (1927): pages 203-16. Musset, Lucien. ‘Les origines du prieuré de Saint-Fromond: Un acte négligé de Richard II.’ BSAN 53 (1955-1956): pages 475-89.

Collections of Frankish kings during the Rollonid period: Recueil des actes de Charles III le Simple, edited by Ferdinand Lot and Philippe Lauer. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1949. Recueil des actes de Robert I et Raoul, rois de France (922-936), edited by J. Dufour. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1978. Recueil des actes de Louis IV, roi de France (936-954), edited by Philippe Lauer, Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1914. Recueil des actes de Lothaire et de Louis V, rois de France (954-987), edited by Louis Halphen and Ferdinand Lot. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1908.

Collections for Hugh Capet, Robert the Pious, Henry I, and Phillip I are as yet lacking.

Recueil des actes de Louis VI, roi de France (1108-1137), four volumes, edited by Robert-Henri Bautier and Jean Dufour, Paris: Acadèmie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, 1992-.

D.  Laws

Unlike the English, the Normans were not in the habit of writing down their laws. The earliest Norman lawbook, the earliest in France was written down around 1200, although it is generally accepted as reflecting earlier usage. The Norman Coutumiers have been published as a set: Le Très Ancien Coutumier de Normandie: Texte latin, edited by Ernest-Joseph Tardif, SHNP 13.1.1. Rouen: Espérance Cagniard, 1881. Le Très Ancien Coutumier de Normandie: Textes français et normand, edited by Ernest-Joseph Tardif, SHNP 13.1.2. Paris: Picard, 1903. Summa de legibus normannie in curia laicali, edited by Ernest-Joseph Tardif, SHNP 13.2. Paris: Picard, 1896.

Two texts of feudal inquests survive, the first from 1133 and the second from 1166:  Feoda ecclesiae Baiocensis, in Recueil des Historiens des Gaules et de la France 23, pages 699-702. Paris: Victor Palmé, 1876. ‘Infeudationes militum qui debent servitia militaria Duci Normanniae, et in quot militibus quilibet tenetur ei servire’, in The Red Book of the Exchequer, edited by Hubert Hall, pages 624-47, Rolls Series 99. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1896.

And two liturgical texts survive, dealing with the accession of a new ruler:  ‘Ad ducem constituendum’, in The Benedictional of Archbishop Robert, edited by H. A. Wilson, pages 157-59. Henry Bradshaw Society 24. London: Harrison and Sons, 1903. Wormald, Francis. ‘An Eleventh-Century Copy of the Norman Laudes Regiae’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research 37 (1964): pages 73-76.

E.  Poetry

Two Planctus (poems of mourning) survive, one for William Longsword and one for William the Conqueror.  The Longsword planctus has been printed several times; none of these is considered definitive (it exists in very different manuscripts). ‘Complainte sur la mort de Guillaume Longue-épée’, in Le règne de Louis IV, edited by Philippe Lauer, pages 319-23, Bibliothèque de l’École des hautes études 127. Paris: Émile Bouillon, 1900. Also printed as ‘Complainte sur l’assassinat de Guillaume Longue-épée, duc de Normandie’, edited by Jules Lair, Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes 31 (1870): pages 389-406. The same author published transcriptions of two manuscripts, along with excellent facsimiles, and a reconsituted edition, in Lair, Jules. Étude sur la vie et la mort de Guillaume Longue-épée, duc de Normandie. Paris: Picard, 1893.  Finally, it was printed as ‘Der planctus auf den Normannenherzog Wilhelm Langschwert (942)’, edited by Phillipp August Becker. Zeitschrift für französische Sprache und Literatur 63 (1939): pages 190-97. 

For William the Conqueror, see Dosdat, Monique. ‘Le deuil du roi Guillaume: Étude critique et étude du grand planctus sur la mort de Guillaume le Conquérant’, AN 37 (1987): pages 197-226.

Four Latin poems were composed at Rouen around the turn of the millennium: Warner of Rouen. Moriuht: A Norman Latin Poem from the Early Eleventh Century, edited and translated by Christopher J. McDonough, Studies and Texts 121. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1995. Musset, Lucien. ‘Le satiriste Garnier de Rouen et son milieu (début du XI siècle)’, Revue du Moyen Age latin 10 (1954): pages 237-66. This contains the text of another poem by Warner. Jezebel: A Norman Latin Poem of the Early Eleventh Century edited and translated by Jan Ziolkowski. Humana Civilitas 10. New York: Peter Lang, 1989. Semiramis, in Poetic Individuality in the Middle Ages: New Departures in Poetry, 1000-1150, 2nd ed., edited and translated by Peter Dronke, Westfield Studies in Medieval Studies 1. London: University of London Committee for Medieval Studies, 1986.

F.  Letters

These letter-collections are either by Norman writers, or contain letters dealing with Norman affairs. Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury. The Letters of Anselm of Canterbury, three volumes, translated by Walter Fröhlich, Cistercian Studies 96, 97, 142. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1990-1994.

Arnulf, Bishop of Lisieux. The Letters of Arnulf of Lisieux, edited by Frank Barlow, Camden Third Series 61. London: Royal Historical Society, 1939.

John X. Epistola ad Heriveum archiepiscopum Rhemensem in Flodoardi canonici Remensis opera omnia, edited by J.-P. Migne, cols. 27-29, Patrologia Latina 131. Paris: Garnier Fratres, 1879 examines what to do about converted and then lapsed Vikings.

Suger, Abbot of Saint-Denis. Sugerii abbatis S. Dionysii opuscula et epistolae, edited by J.-P. Migne. Patrologia Latina 186. Paris: Garnier Fratres, s.d.

G.  Treatises

De inventione sanguinis Christi, in Études dus deux poèmes français relatifs à l’Abbaye de Fécamp, edited by Oskari Kajava, pages 24-35. Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae 21.5. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, 1928.

Gilbert Crispin. The Works of Gilbert Crispin, Abbot of Westminster, edited by Anna Sapir Abulafia and Gillian R. Evans. Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi 8. London: British Academy, 1986.

Leclercq, Jean, and Jean-Paul Bonnes, Un maître de la vie spirituelle au XIe siècle: Jean de Fécamp. Paris: Vrin, 1946.

Norman Anonymous, Die Texte des normannischen Anonymus, edited by Karl Pellens, Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Europäische Geschichte Mainz 42. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner, 1966.

H.  Material remains

Delisle, Léopold. ‘Inscription découverte à Rouen’, Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes 50 (1889): page 508; the text of the inscription and a very brief discussion.

Dumas (-Dubourg), Françoise. Le Trésor de Fécamp et le monnayage en Francie occidentale pendant la seconde moitié du Xe siècle, Mémoires de la Section d’archéologie, vol. 1. Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale, 1971. This contains photographs of the coins in the Fécamp horde, many of which are late tenth-century Norman coins.

L’architecture normande au Moyen Age, two volumes. Colloque de Cerisy-la-Salle 1994. Caen: Université de Caen, 1997. This contains photographs of the remains of many medieval Norman buildings.

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